"Origins of psi"


pp. 193-210 Berthold Eric Schwartz : "Human-Animal Events."

pp. 194-196 strange affinity between man and animals





"V. and M. Gaddis (1970) have recently collected many provocative examples of this. Sanderson (1972), a well-known biologist, has also noted many such events between a variety of species and man."

V. & M. Gaddis : The Strange World of Animals and Pets. NY : Cowles Book Co, 1970.

I. T. Sanderson : Investigating the Unexplained. Englewood Cliffs (NJ) : Prentice-Hall, 1972.


"The scientist Milan Ryzl (1970) has summarized much of the animal parapsychological data."

Milan Ryzl : Parapsychology. NY : Hawthorn, 1970.


"Related psi occurrences have been observed (Schwarz 1965; 1968a; 1968b)."

B. E. Schwarz : Psychic-Dynamics. NY : Pageant Pr, 1965.

B. E. Schwarz : The Jacques Romano Story. NY : University Books, 1968.

B. E. Schwarz : A Psychiatrist Looks at ESP. NY : New American Library, 1968.

p. 206 man-beast paranormal events with UFOs



"How might man-beast paranormal events tie in with the many documented accounts (see e.g., Creighton 1970-71) of UFOs (including "flying saucers") whose presence has been heralded by animals such as barking dogs, clucking chickens, stampeding cattle? Keel (1970) has shown how UFO experiences often have associated paranormal activities, including telepathy, poltergeists, precognition, etc. Could a key to the understanding of psychic matters be found in the mystery of ufology, or vice versa?"

G. Creighton : "The Effects of UFOs on animals, birds, and smaller creatures." FLYING SAUCER REVIEW, Parts 1-10, 16 [1970] (1-6), 17 [1971] (1-4).

J. A. Keel : Strange Creatures from Time and Space. Greenwich (CT) : Fawcett Gold Medal Books, 1970.

"Eisenbud (1966-67) has posed an intriguing exploratory generalization which he terms the "principle of confluence, according to which psi ... is, like the other great process-abstractions in nature (e.g., electromagnetic, or ... ‘the unconscious’), an integral component of all events ... and as such represented in some measure as a determinant of the final, common pathways of these events."

J. Eisenbud : "Why psi?" PSYCHOANALYTIC REVIEW vol. 53 [1966-7], pp. 647-63.


pp. 211-232 William S. Lyon : "Cognition, Primatology, and Psi Dimensions of Human Vision."

pp. 211-214 comments by editor (Long)




"eye contact enhances psi! ... eye contact and psi act synergistically. That is to say, ... pupil size (in combination with facial expression) and telepathy ... when they are combined, transmit a far stronger, more specific, and more consistent emotional message."


"... indigenous curing where paranormal and psychosomatic factors are intricately intertwined (Long [PhD diss, U of NC] 1973)."

"Considering the volume of literature on PK, might it not be logical for anthropologists to return to the dual concepts of mana (impersonal supernatural power) and taboo (negative or dangerous power) and reexamine their true significance?"

"Lyon (1974), in discussing the possible material basis for the concept of evil eye, or mal ojo, says, "one of my students swore that an African shaman once literally knocked him down by merely looking at him." The parallel with LaBarre’s ([They Shall Take up Serpents. NY : Schocken,] 1962 : 39) filmed observation of snake handlers’ knocking over followers who "toppled" like "tenpins" is obvious. So, if physicists can study PK


as a dynamic, real force in the laboratory, is it too much to expect anthropologists to examine it as a possible force among primitives within their field-laboratory?"

evil-eye, orgone, etc.





"The belief that an evil person can injure you merely by staring at you is referred to in writings from ancient Egypt, Babylonia, and other early civilizations (Elsworthy 1895)."

F. T. Elsworthy : The Evil Eye. London : John Murray, 1895.


"According to Reich (1942) what we call emotion is actually the different flow-patterns of orgone energy through different parts of the human body."

W. Reich : The Discovery of the Orgone. NY : Noonday Pr, 1942.

pp. 228-230 concluding remarks by editor (Long)




"human cerebral hemispheres have two general functions :

the right-sided one relates to intuition and artistic ability,

the left one to mathematics and analysis (or "science")."


"Hence we may expect, as some psychological studies have already suggested, that gifted psychics may have mental processes which greatly emphasize right hemisphere functions."

"Those who have studied the occult sciences have ... postulated that the pineal gland, or "third eye," in the center of the brain for us but actually functional in some primitive animals, is the "point of focus" in "seeing" .. of cognitive processes."


pp. 233-242 Joseph K. Long : "The Evolution of Psi."

genetic & evolutionary features of psi





"evidence in support of genetic predisposition comes from Aristide Esser’s (1969 :11-12) work ... with identical twins who ... happened to exhibit simultaneous psi under laboratory conditions. This shows that identical twins get synchronized in alpha brain waves during stimulation of one individual ... when the two individuals are placed in different rooms ... But others who are emotionally close but without genetic bonds, such as husband and wife, demonstrate similar phenomena".

A. H. Esser : Activities of the Center for the Study of Psychic Phenomena. Orangeburg (NY), 1969.


"psi work on plants (see Rhine and Pratt 1957 : 117-18; Tompkins and Bird 1973 ...) ... leads to the impression that plants are susceptible to psi, ... and are in fact more susceptible than animals".

P. Tompkins & C. Bird : The Secret Life of Plants. NY : Avon, 1973.


"psi is most easily demonstrated with one-celled paramecium (Rhine and Pratt 1957 : 117; Richmond 1952). ... such results are from the experimenter’s own PK effect on the organisms."

"The cases of dogs’ or cats’ walking hundreds of miles over unfamiliar terrain, reaching their owners in heavily populated urban areas after many months ..., are especially interesting phylogenetically."



"If PK operates in a general way, or even occasionally, at the cellular level, then it could cause mutations – or Lamarkian inheritance of acquired characteristics! ...



its possibilities have increasingly been raised (Koestler 1971)".

A. Koestler : The Case of the Midwife Toad. London : Hutchinson, 1971.


Joseph K. Long (ed.) : Extrasensory Ecology. The Scarecrow Pr, Metuchen (NJ), 1977. pp. 193-242.