History of European Mysticism

as per Evelyn Underhill and Rufus Jones


Religious Society of Friends, as mentioned in :-

Evelyn Underhill : Mysticism : a Study in the Nature and Development of Man's Spiritual Consciousness. 12th edition, E. P. Dutton & Co., 1930. (reprints : World Publishing Co, 1955; New American Library, 1974)

p. 100 "a "divine" essence or substance, dwelling ... at the apex of man's soul is that fundamental experience -- found in some form or degree in all genuine mystical religion -- which ... is, variously interpreted, ... the Inward Light of the Quakers ...; the fount and source of all true life."

p. 106 "The very heretics of Christianity have often owed their attraction almost wholly to the mystical elements in their teachings. ... the Quakers, are instances of this."

p. 177 "Fox's "Journal" for the year 1647 contains a vivid account of these "showings" or growing transcendental perceptions ... towards clearness ... . "Though my exercises," he says, "were very great, ... I ... was sometimes brought into such a heavenly joy that I thought I had been in Abraham's bosom. ...

[continuation on p. 178] One day when I had been walking solitarily abroad and was come home, ... it was opened unto me by the eternal Light and Power, and I saw clearly therein. ...""

p. 255 "Cosmic Consciousness ... is seen at its full development in the mystical experiences of Boehme, Fox, and Blake."

p. 464 "the Friends of God, which ... spread through the Rhenish province and beyond to Switzerland and Bavaria, ... had many features in common with that of the Quakers; except that it took place within, instead of without, the official Church ... ."

p. 469 "In the seventeenth century England ... Mysticism ... broke out under many guises and affected many forms of life. It produced in George Fox (1624-1690), the founder of the Quakers, a "great active" of the first rank ...; and in the Quaker movement itself an outbreak of genuine mysticism which is only comparable to the fourteenth-century movement of the Friends of God. We meet in Fox that ... consciousness of the transcendent, characterist of the mystic; and Quaker spirituality ... has much in common not only with those of the Continental Quietists who are its most obvious spiritual affinities, but also with the doctrines of the Catholic contemplatives. Mysticism crops up frequently in the writings of the school; and finds expression in the first generation in

[continuation on p. 470] the works of Isaac Penington (1616-1679) and in the second in the Journal of the heroic American Friend John Woolman (1720-1772)."


Rufus M.[atthew] Jones : Studies in Mystical Religion. Macmillan & Co., London, 1910.



pp. 242-97 Chapter XIII "The Friends of God".


p. 244 "The Friends of God formed small groups, or local societies, gathered about some spiritual leader or counsellor ..., while the whole movement was unified ...by the work of itinerant "prophets," and the production of a very remarkable literature."

p. 245 "The leading figures of the groups are Rulman Merswin of Strasbourg; his friend and secretary, Nikolaus von Lo:wen; John Tauler; Henry Suso; Jan Ruysbroek; Margaret and Christina Ebner; Henry of No:rdlingen ... ."


p. 248 "Rulman Merswin ... was born in Strasbourg in 1307. ... His first experience of ecstasy came to him at the time of his resolve to devote all his money to the service of ... the ... "new life." Suddenly he felt himself raised from the earth and carried through the air ... . ... John Tauler became his confessor in 1348 ... . ...

The Story of the First Four Years of a New Life

[continuation on p. 249] ... was, according to Merswin's friend Nikolaus von Lo:wen, found after his death in a sealed cupboard. ... . ... Gru:nenwo:rth ... was purchased ... by Merswin, and fitted up as a quiet retreat -- "a mystic nest" -- for the Strasbourg circle of the Friends of God, a sort of "school of prophets" ... ."


p. 254 "Friends of God ... humbly claim they "have drunk from the heavenly fountain," and have had "their inner eyes opened." They ... put emphasis on "experiences" and on visions, and they shared the tendency ... to ... the exuberant apocalyptic ... ."

p. 255 "During the period of the interdict ..., when the religious services were suspended ..., a plan of life, ascribed to Rulman Merswin, was drawn up by which a ... layman could dispense with the services of the priest. This proved so valuable that it was copied and spread broadcast ... ."


p. 256 "Henry of Nordlingen is one of the leading "experts" of his time in the efficacious values of relics ... to work wonders among the faithful."

p. 257 "We find in the literature of the movement accounts of almost every known form of psychic experience. ... Christina Ebner, head of the circle at Engelthal, in Bavaria, many times heard the Divine Voice ... . ... The voice said that God dwelt in ... melodious music. The members


[continuation on p. 258] "of the group were telepathic and often felt what was happening to some other Friend of God far away. ... These revelations were considered by them as authoritative as the Holy Scriptures. Henry of Nordlingen calls the revelations which come through Margaret Ebner as "a holy scripture." ... Those who receive "the luminous grace of the Holy Spirit" are granted immediate revelations bearing upon ... outer events.

They talk of two stages of truth. To the lower stage belong the interpretations of Scripture which the learned doctors of the Church give. ...

[continuation on p. 259] The higher stage is the truth of immediate revelation. ... This stage they call "the upper school of the Holy Spirit." ... Those who have had this first-hand experience, and belong to this "upper school of the Holy Spirit," are the true guides and teachers of the rest {the residue}."


p. 260 "[In The Book of the Master of Holy Scripture,] Quoting from Dionysius, ... the light of faith takes man above the sphere of intellectual conceptions. The perfect man must rise above everything sensible and intellectual, must empty himself of all content ... . He must absolutely renounce self, self-will, self-love, and the pursuit of all personal advantage ... in this world ... ."

[continuation, on p. 261, of citation from The Book of the Masterof Holy Scripture] Thereupon the layman gives ... first of all the ABC of religion to study, which was a series of twenty-three sentences bearing upon the rudiments of religious experience. {There are 23 consonants in the alphabet (according to the Qabbalah, wherein there is -- adscitious to the usual 22 distinct consonants -- also a 4-pronged S`iyn), which would be aequivalent to a 22-card deck of Tarot/Tarocchi/Tarock plus a single "wild card".} ...


[continuation, on p. 262, of citation from The Book of the Masterof Holy Scripture] the "Friend of God" told him that from henceforth he must live in the Spirit, and not in the letter which kills."

"Suddenly one of the listeners ... fell to the ground in a swoon. When the sermon was over, fully forty persons lay on the floor incapable of movement." {This result would appear to be a variation of how, in the Zohar ('enlightenment', from Strong's 2094 \zahar\ 'to enlighten'), by listening to the sermons, the "Greater Holy Assembly" is diminished to become a "Lesser Holy Assembly". But the immediate litterary source is praesumably S.uwfiy; for, as a translation from the <arabiy idiom, "Friend (\waliy\ : Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edn, p. 1289a) of God" is a familiar expression implying 'S.uwfiy saint'. The commonplace expression (in "Quaker" jargon) \VALIant Friend\ is constructed in allusion to this <arabiy nomenclature \WALIY\.}


p. 264 "There is a powerful apocalyptic strain in all the literature of the Friends of God. In this particular they show a close affinity and relationship with the German prophetesses, St. Hildegarde, St. Elizabeth of Schoenau, and St. Matilde of Magdeburg, who were granted "visions" ... . ... St. Elizabeth of Schoenau speaks with ... boldness ... :

"Cry with a loud voice | cry to all the nations! Woe ... . ... Shepherds of My Church, you are asleep, but I will wake you.""

p. 265 "As ... especially in the middle decade of the fourteenth century, ... apocalyptic prophecy increased in the writings of the Friends of God. They have revelations that ... those only who bear the seal of God on their foreheads will be preserved ... ."


p. 266 "Through ... the coming of new heavens and new earth, ... out of the "saints of the earth" ... an equal number with that of the fallen angels, ... the population of the new heaven will be the same as the population of the primitive celestial city ...! ... In the book entitled Revelation Addressed to the Friend of God from the Oberland ..., the writer ... tells how he experiences in his own body ... the Church."

p. 267 "The Friends of God, under the inspiration of Merswin, ... intercede for the world ... . This extraordinary spiritual drama, with ... the Friends of God keeping back the phials of wrath by their prayers, goes on for years ... .

One of the greatest mystical apocalypses of the middle ages is the Book of the Nine Rocks -- ... the greatest literary creation of the Friends of God. ... The book contains a series of "visions" which the author of it saw ... . He was commanded to write them down. He long resisted the command, ... protesting that his book "will carry no conviction, because it is not proved by the Scriptures." The Divine Voice answered, "... Whoever does not believe ... wonderful works through ... 'Friends' to-day, ... that man ... does not believe that the Divine power remains the same through the centuries." {"But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end." https://biblehub.com/psalms/102-27.htm -- "but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail." https://biblehub.com/hebrews/1-12.htm}"I will obey," cries the author : "thou hast uttered the truth ... ."


[continuation, on p. 268, of citation from The Book of the Nine Rocks] ... In the second part of the book is described the vision of the nine rocks. {These "nine rocks" are surely aequivalent to the Nine Mountains constituting the loftiest regions of the divine worlds, according to Taoist cosmology : for, "Heaven has ... nine mountains, the mountains have nine passes." (Jerry Alan Johnson : Daoist Magical Incantations, Hand Seals, and Star Stepping. Temple of the Celestial Cloud. http://the-eye.eu/public//Books/Occult_Library/Taoism/Johnson%20-%20Daoist%20Magical%20Incantations.pdf p. 266) -- Now, "all Nine Mountains ... are inside of you" (I Shall Seal the Heavens, liber VIII, capitulum

MCCXXVII. https://www.wuxiaworld.com/novel/i-shall-seal-the-heavens/issth-book-8-chapter-1227) : indeed, "There are nine mountains where the brain is, ... the nine palaces inside the brain" (Hong-chau Yuen, transl by Joanna S. Y. Yau : Comments on the Inner Path Diagram and the Cultivation of Perfection Diagram, capitulum II. "Self-cultivation Practice Implications from the Inner Path Diagram". http://www.taichiyuen.org/t5_26_eng.htm) : this sacred knowledge could have clandestinely been imported into Europe by Marco Polo or by any other contemporary traveller wending from Han (China).} The writer sees an immense net {which may be aequivalent to the cosmos-enclosing "net of Indra" ("The Net of Indra" http://awakeningtoreality.blogspot.com/2009/04/net-of-indra.html)}, knowledge whereof may readily have been imported by contemporary merchants plying to-and-from Bharata (India)} which covers the entire earth, except one mountain in which nine great platforms in ascending stages are cut in rock. These nine platform-ledges rise like the stages of Dante's ... from the level plain, where stands a terrible figure, stretching his net over men and catching them in it. {Cf. the net employed by Hephaistos for catching Ares together with Aphrodite (Robert Graves : The Greek Myths @18.b).} The seer ... sees men running away from the net and beginning to climb the mountain. {This "beginning" may match how "the jade girl arrives together with the animals of the nine mountains" (Wǔ Fu Jīng 'Book of the Five Talismans', translated by Cha Li Wu. http://translate-the-dz.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/wu-fu-jing-three-scroll-text-version-edit-061318B25.pdf p. 57). [Our comparison between these two sequences of nine rocks/mountains, written 14 May 2019.]}

Those on the first rock receive the color of health ... . {They "store up health into eternity" (WFJ 'B5T', p. 61).} ...

On the second rock are those who have made a solid

[continuation, on p. 269, of citation from The Book of the Nine Rocks] resolution ... to submit to an illuminated Friend of God, who shall be their guide and counsellor ... . {Thus, the disciple, submissively "supple, pliant, yielding, goes along easily in the flowing energy of the ... man" (WFJ 'B5T', p. 64) who is a worthy praeceptor, guide, counsellor.}

The third rock is the abode of those who are practicing mortifications of the body, and are doing it for the purpose of gaining heaven. They are still in a state of a religion of self-interest. {This may be an imposing of "a great white throne" whence "the heaven fled away" (Apokalupsis of Ioannes 20:11), viz., eludeth the mortal seeker of heaven because that seeker is as yet expecting the quick and the dead to be "judged out of those things which were written in the books" (20:12 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+20%3A11-15&version=KJV), viz., according to harsh human-made laws imposing punishments on account of trifling violations, such as traveling during a S^abbat-day. Aequivalent to this "great white throne" is "a bright white stone" betokening (WFJ 'B5T', p. 66) "a mountain of fierce tigers", who may repraesent fierce magistrates on their judgement-seats.}

Those on the fourth rock are still practicing self-mortification, but ... solely to please and glorify ... . Unfortunately, they ... have themselves chosen mortification without discovering the Divine will for them. {Those "still practicing self-mortification" are not acting in concord with the injunction that "neither shall there be any more pain : for the former things are passed away " (Apokalupsis of Ioannes 21:4 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+21&version=KJV). This new state of affairs "shall wipe away all tears from their eyes", "falling like a tear" (WFJ 'B5T', p. 70).}

The dwellers on the fifth rock have entered on the sacrifice of their own will ... . {To sacrifice one's own will is to be "true and faithful" (Apokalupsis of Ioannes 21:5), and therewith to respond to the divinely-issued "Alpha and Omega" (21:6), which vowels would characterize musical notes; so that "an immortal comes to man to teach and communicate the cheerful music" (WFJ 'B5T', p. 74).}

Those on the sixth rock have completed the sacrifice begun on the rock below. ... Their only imperfection is that they desire the supernatural revelations which they see others enjoy. {To "desire the supernatural revelations which they see others enjoy" is to wish that others divulge secrets which have been divinely-imparted unto them, therewith desiring "revelation flowing into the world divulging the secret" (WFJ 'B5T', p. 76).}

Those who have reached the seventh rock ... take an excessive joy in such revelations when they are granted to them. {One manifestation of "excessive joy" can be to dance for joy : Di Ku ("Emperor Ku" in WFJ 'B5T', p. 76) "commanded a phoenix to dance" ("Di Ku", p. 99 in :- Lihui Yang & Deming An : Handbook of Chinese Mythology. ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara, 2005.); sometimes "Di Ku also is identified as Di Jun" (Ibid., p. 100), whose 5-colored birds "were dancing in pairs" ("Di Jun", p. 97 in HChM). Di Jun's wife Xi-he's "Fusang tree, which grew in the water" ("Xihe", p. 215 in HChM) may be identical with "Tree of Life" (Apokalupsis of Ioannes 22:2) at the "River of Water of Life" (22:1), whereof is given (Apokalupsis of Ioannes 21:6) "the water of life freely."

Those on the eighth rock have nearly conquered ... self. ... Their only imperfection is that they have not attained the state where they can have perfect peace, even when ... no tokens of ... grace. {Requiring tokens of grace might amount to requiring a document certifying that one will inherit the Kingdom of Heaven, or aequivalentlythat one "shall inherit all things" (Apokalupsis of Ioannes 21:7) : this was secured for the yet-unborn Kon-fu Tze when ("The gentle and benevolent Qilin of Chinese mythology" https://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-asia/gentle-and-benevolent-qilin-chinese-mythology-001933) "This Qilin coughed up an inscribed jade tablet that foretold the future greatness of the child" : cf. "the pair of Chinese unicorns" (Qi-lin; WFJ 'B5T', p. 78).

The nin{e}th rock is the top of the mountain. The ... denizens ... are crucified to the world, and the world to them. {The world's being crucified unto them is likely to signify, litterally, its being mapped with crossing lines of latitude and of longitude, as on "the armillary sphere" (WFJ 'B5T', p. 90).} ... They have attained an absolutely disinterested state. They seek no "signs"; they wish for no "manifestations." ... They ...


[continuation, on p. 270, of citation from The Book of the Nine Rocks] love all men ... with an equal love. Here on the top is granted the supreme experience ... , the experience of beholding the Divine Origin. "The man," the voice says, "who beholds the Divine Origin loses his own name and no longer bears an earthly name. He has now become God by grace ...!" ... "My beloved!" cries the man in a transport of Divine love, "thou hast become so dear to me that ... whatever thou givest, whatever thou takest away, I will rejoice in it!""

"There is an extraordinary case of a Friend of God who got to the indifference point to such a degree that he, "through the power of love, became without love," and in this state of perfect surrender, he heard a voice say to him : "Permit me, my beloved child, to share in thee and with thee all the riches of My divinity;

[continuation, on p. 271] ... all the joysof the Holy Spirit," and the "Friend of God" replied : "Yes, ... on condition that Thou alone shall enjoy it, and not I!" ...

Throughout this literature the ideal Friend of God endeavours to hide his life, to be anonymous, ... by becoming ... "a hidden child of God." ... The best of them attained to an unconscious holiness, "shining within like the angels of light, without knowing that they were shining."" {Similarly, Mos^eh "wist not that the skin of his face shone" (S^mowth 34:29 https://biblehub.com/exodus/34-29.htm).}


p. 273 "They do not teach a fixed and final state of perfection. ... To stop on the road of perfection is to go back, as one of their wise men says."


p. 274 "John Tauler ... was born in Strasbourg, about 1300. In his early youth he entered a Dominican convent, and ... he was ordained a priest in that Order."


p. 276 "he [John Tauler] says : "... The Friends of God read the living Book where everything is life" ... . {"a living book, which ... is salt that suffers not human flesh to be putrefied (allusion to necessity for mummification; Epistole to Barnabas, capitulum 151 http://www.answering-christianity.com/barnabas.htm) ... a light that lightens the pilgrims' way" ("Keep that light in your eye, and go up directly thereto: so shalt thou see the gate; at which, when thou knockest, it shall be told thee what thou shalt do." John Bunyan : The Pilgrim's Progress From This World To That Which Is To Come, 17 https://www.gutenberg.org/files/131/131-h/131-h.htm)}... Tauler, like all true mystics, insists on the fact of an inner Light -- the master light of all the soul's seeing. He says that the Friends of God have "an inward, divine knowledge, a Divine Light which illuminates them ... ." ... Again : "This Light gives man all truth ... -- a wonderful discernment, more perfect than can be gained in any other

[continuation, on p. 277] manner here below." "These divine men" ["the Friends of God"], Tauler says in another sermon, ... possess the gift of discerning spirits : by merely looking at their neighbor {and seeing the aura} they can tell his inward state ... ." ... "The Divine illumination gives a man a marvellous discernment, more perfect than he is able to acquire on earth in any other manner." ... He [Tauler] does, however, in his sermons speak of "the uncreated ground of the soul"; "the apex of the soul"; "the kingdom ... in the inner recesses of the spirit"; "the unseen depths of the spirit, where lies the image ...," as though there were something ... in the very structure of the soul, unlost by ... man. This is vigorously said in a striking sentence from Tauler : "As a sculptor is said to have exclaimed on seeing a ... block of marble, 'What a godlike beauty thou hidest!' {This aisthetically fastidious point-of-view may be intended to relate Hellenic \mermeros\ 'captious, fastidious' to Hellenic \marmara\ 'marble'.} so ... man in whom His own image is hidden." {In the reckoning of the Bektas^i (of Albania), the divine traits are abundantly praesent in the various features of the human body.} But this Divine soul


[continuation, on p. 278] "centre" does not become an operative power ... until ... gathered up into the very centre of the man's being -- the unseen depths of his spirit, where the image ... dwelleth -- and thus he flings himself into the Abyss {this being (in the more esoteric formulation of Qabbalah) the one secret spiyrah amongst the eleven sphiyrowt, which may be collectively aequivalent to the "eleven apples of old-age medicine" in the Edda} in which he dwelt eternally before {prior to the derivation out of the Ginnunga-gap}; then ... the Godhead bends and nakedly descends {"“He bent the heaven and came down, thick cloud beneath His feet” (Psalm 18:10)." http://mechonhadar.s3.amazonaws.com/mh_torah_source_sheets/RubensteinTorahMinHaShamayim7-23-14.pdf} into the depth of the pure, waiting soul, drawing it up into the uncreated essence ... ." {Thillliym 18:10 readeth \Weyyet. s^amayim\ translated 'bowed the two skyes', wherein \weyyet.\ is supposed to be an irregular form of Strong's 5186 \nat.ah\ (*\nat.ay\), but it would more readily be \>awt.a>\ 'lower' (or \tawt.i>ah\ 'lowering' : DMWA, p. 1264a), from \wat.i>\ 'trample down' (DMWA, p. 1263b); this could relate to the mention, the the Pyramid Texts, of the shaking of the iron floor of heaven at the footfall of the dead king's ghost. The "footfall of the cat" is described, in the Edda, as binding wolf FENRIr, whose name may be a cognate of Latin \PANaRIum\ ('breadbasket', for "bread in the kingdom of God" : Eu-angelion of Loukas 14:16 https://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/revelation/revelation-19/revelation-19-9.html), through personification of the book Panarion (endited by Epiphanios of Salamis) : based on (W"Panarion" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panarion#Content) S^iyr ha-S^iyriym 6:8-9, interpreted as "Marriage-Supper of the Lamb".}

p. 279 "There are three stages of self-dying. ... The third stage is one of perfect union of the human will with the Divine will -- entire resignation and perfect denial of self ... . All delight in having one's own will is overmastered and quenched, because the Holy Spirit has supplanted the man's will ..., and he wills nothing on his own account -- though he cannot fathom the Abyss {for, in the <Ameq ('Abyss') standeth (Josephine McCarthy with Peter McCarthy : The Exorcist's Handbook, pp. 51-2) Sandalpown, "wearing sandals" https://sites.google.com/site/gyllentime/angels/sandalphon (alike unto sandals worn by Theseus < *\DHETEU-\ = dharma-DHATU), whose is sandal-isle Sardon (of the sardonic grin https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Risus_sardonicus#Causes & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sardonicism#Origin), its first city Nora having been founded by (GM @132.d) Norax (builder of NURAGhe https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuraghe), aequivalent to NR.Ga son of US`i-nara (to whose daughter is gifted -- by the wife of Dyau --, with divine kama-dhenu Nandini : PE, s.v. "Us`inara I.2)") = Oukalegon (< *\OUS`-\; father of monstress Sphi[n]g-). The wife of Dyau is (according to the Veda) Pr.thivi (*\PL.Th-\) = Zeus's wife PLATaia daughter of Asopos (DCM, q.v.) < *\ADHI-OPO-\ = \ADHI-APA-ayana\, name of the divider of (PE, s.v."Adhyapayana") the ATHARvan Veda named for <AT.T.AR 'perfume' rained down by (in Taoist cosmology) 5-colored clouds above divine worlds} ..., he feels perfect joy in the experience ... . In another sermon, Tauler says that those who wish to be Friends of God ... must avoid being blinded by "transitory things," and look alone to the source and Origin. ... therefore all unnecessary conversation, all outward delight in human beings ... must be cut off ... -- even external works of love may ... prevent us from perceiving the Divine Voice."


p. 280 "In the same sermon he goes on to say ... that the soul in its inmost deeps actually is ... "a temple {diagrammed as a man.d.ala, which is a layout of originally Taoist provenience} ... where all suffering is done away!" ... "Works of love," he says, "are more acceptable than contemplation" : "spiritual enjoyments ... are to be taken only for ... support to help us in our active work"; "... but no virtue is to be trusted until it has been put into practice.""


p. 282 Henry (Heinrich) Suso "was born about 1300, of a noble Swabian family. ... While he ws still a boy at school in Cologne, his mother died, but at the hour of death she appeared to him ..., told him that though gone from the world she was not really dead; she then "kissed him ... and vanished." ... At the age of thirteen he entered the Dominican monastery at Constance, where he spent five years ... ."


p. 287 "He [Henry Suso] was subject ..., ... throughout his life, to "visions." His world was not longer this world ..., it was a world of celestial denizens, angels, saints ..., with their scenery and circumstance. He saw the scenes of this other world as vividly, and with as much as sense of their objectivity ... . {I used to (in the late 1970s, while in T.P., an MD suburb of DC) see (while awake with mine eyen closed) complete visionary scenery (such as of Hellenic-style marbled temples, though usually without persons in the scenes); but years later (in the 1980s, while in B., GA) I would see (while awake with mine eyen closed) only individual motionless living animals -- or with motion indicated by sudden "animated-style" varied postures of their limbs -- or other objects, but only on a black background lacking scenery.} ... His "other world" sights were plainly formed out of "suggestion material," {such so-called "suggestion material" being, of course, canonical descriptions of divine heavens (as witnessed by saints in praevious centuries) : for, it is largely the devotional reading of such litterature that can constitute a basis for committee of divine entities, acting through one's personal spirit-guides (one's guardian angel et al.), to account a mortal worthy of having divine scenery constructed to be perused for one's aedification at leisure in divine worlds being visited} ... so that they correspond to ... the borderland state between sleeping and waking.

In one of these visions he was granted a sight ... "... in the soul." "He was told to look into himself, and there he saw as in a crystal {soul-scrying priests are capable of seeing the human soul in the guise of a faceted crystal} in the midst of his heart {seen in one's own heart, though located at the solar plexus in other persons being viewed, in the praeternatural panorama opened for experience for priests in the Holy Order of MANS (as the one of them, who had exorcized uninvited spirit-entities occupying my body, explained to me in a personal conversation)} the Eternal [<owlam / aionios] Wisdom [h.akmah / sophia] in lovely form, and beside ... his own soul [ns^amah / psukhe] ... ."

Once ... granted ... the privilege of holding the Holy Child. {In the detailed Taoist descriptions of this type of experience, the Holy Child is witnessed as being begotten and as being gestated embryonically, until capable of survival independently.}"


p. 288 "After years of ... experiences ..., he came upon the discovery that ... he ... had been prompted by his own reason; that thus far he had been only "in the lower school," and that he was still far from "the highest knowledge." He passed through the desolation of feeling utterly forsaken ... . ... During these hard years -- altogether nine years -- ... he passed through

[continuation, on p. 289] dark perplexities over questions of faith {this state of perplexity being thematically described in chapter IX (pp. 380-412) "The Dark Night of the Soul" of Evelyn Underhill : Mysticism}, but he came through into the light and found ... ." {"Thus with Suso, ... He ... has moved to a new stage of reality : a complete self-naughting, an utter acquiescence in the large and hidden purposes of the Divine Will." (Underhill : Mysticism, p. 412)}


p. 291 "The literary gem of this religious movement is ... the ... Theologica Germanica. ... The preface ... says : "This little book hath ... spoken by a wise, understanding, faithful, righteous man ..., who aforetime was of the Teutonic Order, a priest and a warden of the Teutonic Order, in Frankfurt; and it ...


[continuation, on p. 292] especially teacheth how and whereby we may discern the true and upright Friends of God ... ." The writer is plainly influenced by Eckhart, and ... quotes from Tauler ... . ...

[p. 293] "Were there no self-will there would be no ownership, and in heaven there is no ownership. ... If there were any person in hell who should get quit of his self-will, and call nothing his own, he would come out of hell into heaven." {Thus, the author is a firm advocate of communism, and is asserting definitely that whoever is not a communist is for that reason deserving of damnation.} ...


[continuation, on p. 294] But to the end, however far one may travel on the path to holiness, the aim must be concrete, and ... he ... chooses to put his life into it. ...


[continuation, on p. 296] In this connection, it is interesting to note that this Friend of God in the fourteenth century used the term "Light" almost precisely as the Friends of the sevententh century did. ...

[p. 297] [The author of the Theologica Germanica] calls the world that now is "an outer court of the Eternal," so that things which are made -- "creatures" -- are "a guide and a path unto ... Eternity." ...

It remains to point out that our author ... has "a spiritual ladder" for the soul's upward path. His ladder has three stages, each of which has three sub-stages. The first upward step of the soul is "Purification." ... The second stage of the soul is "Enlightenment," with its three degrees of advance ... . The third stage is "Union", which ends upward in the perfect life. Its three degrees are (a) pureness and singleness of heart, (b) love, and (c) contemplation ... ."


{Our commentary :- It is abundantly evident that the Family of Love was persecuted everywhere because of its litterature's having been originally published in a vernacular language : contrary to what was generally deemed allowable. Though other vernacular religious litterature may have been tolerated if sponsored by local nobilities, that of the Family of Love was never thus sponsored outside of own its Rheinisch homeland, where furthermore, later, amongst the religious litteratures written in the vernacular, only that of Lutheranism and/or of Calvinism (and/or Zwingliism) was tolerated. In England, after it was realized that the lack of sponsorship of its litterature was due to its foreign-vernacular provenience, the Family of Love decisively induced George Fox (amongst other devotees) to feign that he had himself originated the principles which had been promoted already for a century in England by the Family of Love; so that, under the new name "Religious Society of Friends", it could claim an allowable (al-be-it rather spurious) English pedigree, and thus be permitted a much-sought sponsorship by local English gentry (such as, Judge Fell).}

pp. 428-48 Chapter XVIII "The Family of Love".


p. 428 "the "Family of Love," or "House of Love," ... founder was Henry [Heinrich] Nicholas (or Niklaes, or Niclaes), who was born of extremely devout and pious parents in Mu:nster in Westphalia in 1501 or 1502."

p. 429 "The boy was dowered with a constitution ... susceptible even as a child to intimations {intuitions} and openings {of portals into other worlds}, and which turned him ... toward Divine things. He was, like George Fox, a boy apart from the throng, ... unsatisfied with the ordinary, traditional explanations ... . ... A special effort was made to cultivate him in reverence ..., and his father took pains to talk with him freely about the holy things of the religion. Under this nurture the highly susceptible boy advanced to a wisdom and insight unusual in persons of such tender years ... ."


p. 431 "In his nin{e}th a marvellous vision came to him -- the beginning of a series of visions. It came to him at daybreak when he was in a half-waking, half-sleeping state -- a borderland {in this particular case, a so-called "sleep-paralysis", when a praeternatural vision is commonly (usually) prominently visible (as was for me, though -- instead of a rocky mountain -- I saw above me a tablet engraven with a divinely-imparted empowering-document messaged from the divine world)} state ... . A great light suddenly surrounded him ..., in shape like a mountain rising from his bed up into heaven, wrapping him wholly about ..., until he was absolutely one being with the shining mountain. {This mountain may be Olumpos, which can assume the anthropoid form of a god : Olumpos (according to Diodoros Sikelos) was the first husband of Kubele, who is associated with mt Olumpos in Musia (Pierre Grimal : The Dictionary of Classical Mythology, s.v. "Olympus 3."). Accordingly, Heinrich Niklaes was apparently thus divinely initiated into the Musian cult of Kubele (also known as \Kubebe\, or in Sumerian as \Kug-baba (the barmaid)\). My own divine initiation was apparently into the cult of "Mayan goddess of healing" (Traci Ardren : "Mending the Past : Ix Chel". ANTIQUITY 80 (2006): 25–37. https://www.academia.edu/2488611/Mending_the_past_Ixchel_and_the_invention_of_a_modern_pop_goddess p. 26) Ix-Chel ('Lady Rainbow') on "the island of Cozumel" ("MPICh", p. 28); for, the rainbow-dragon is ridden in Caudex Borgianus Mexicanus, p. 49 (lower registre, lower right corner), where, on a tree (lower registre, lower centre), is perched the green bird mentioned in the Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel as seated "in the center of the land" (World Directions - Books by David Bolles http://alejandrasbooks.org/www/Maya/WorldDirections.pdf p. 9), the Inscribed Tablet seen by me being green. Also praesent on the same page (lower registre, upper left corner) of CBM is a monkey : evidently intended as Hanumant the monkey-god patron of miraculous healing : the monkey-god I viewed on another occasion (in an eyen-closed vision) operating a viman.a 'flying saucer' (referring to how "Hanuman traversed the sky" -- Vettam Mani : Puran.ic Encyclopaedia, s.v. "Hanuman 3)"). [written 29 April 2019]} ...

When the vision departed he awoke ..., and soon fell into a trance condition in which he saw a multitude of saints ..., and this vision was taken as his call to be a prophet of the new revelation. {My corresponding "trance condition" (i.c., open-eyed vision while awake) entailed seeing (in B., GA, decades ago) on the floor, surrounding me whilst I was seated on that floor, a multitude of inch-tall ("only the size of half a thumb" : Vis.n.u Puran.a 1:10 -- PE, s.v. "Balakhilya(s) 1)") entities : these Hanumant is not allowed to sit amongst (PE, s.v. "Hanuman 3)"). As for the "revelation" for which I am deputed to be a prophet, such may be referred to the backward-walk of Hanumant (in front of the chariot-riding sun-god Surya -- PE, s.v. "Hanuman 3)"), aequivalent to the motion of Svalin (moving in front of the sun, according to the Edda), with onomatics of \SVALin\ cognate with \Svarbhanu\ (< *\SVALbhanu\), the name of the Asura who is reborn (Maha-bharata, "Adi Parvan" 67:12-13 -- PE, s.v. "Ugrasena IV") as Ugra-sena ('horrible army'), who is apparently son of (Maha-bharata, "Adi Parvan" 94:53-54 -- PE, s.v. "Ugrasena VI") Pari-ks.it ('around-spreading') the son of (PE, s.v. "Pariks.it III") Av-iks.it king in the lineage Kuru-Vams`a. PARI-ks.it's son Kaks.a-sena ('lurking-place [of] army'; PE, q.v.) may be aequivalent to Koruthos ('helmet') son of PARIs; furthermore, Koruthos's mother (DCM, s.v. "Oenone") Oinone (< *\WOIN-ona\) -- Musian river-god Kebren's daughter -- might be feminine river VEN.a who "stays in the palace of Varun.a serving him" (Maha-bharata, "Sabha Parvan" 9:18 -- PE, s.v. "Ven.a (1)"), wherein Varun.a (< *\Voluno-\) = mt Olumpos (*\Volumpo-\) in Musia ("Olympus Mt. (Mysia)" https://topostext.org/place/401292LOly). [written 29 April 2019]}


p. 432 "he ... organized a society called the "House, or Family, of Love." It spread slowly but steadily in the towns of Friesland, Holland, Brabant, Flanders, and later in England and France."

p. 433 "The works [by Henry Nicholas] of chief importance were The Glass of Righteousness, An Introduction to the Glass of Righteousness, The First Exhortation ..., and Terra Pacis : or Spiritual Land of Peace, which is a spiritual pilgrimage quite like Pilgrim's Progress ... . The central idea in all Henry Nicholas's writings is his insistance on real righteousness and actual holiness as contrasted with the fiction of a merely imputed righteousness and a forensic holiness, or holiness based on a transaction outside the person himself."


p. 434 "In a passage of the Spiritual Tabernacle (chap. v. 15) he [Henry Nicholas] expresses himself precisely as George Fox so often does ... ."

p. 435 "the First Exhortation ... : "The true Light ... shews itself (in the world) through illuminated, i.e. godded men {and women} ... .""


p. 436 "On the subject of Antinomianism, he is ... clear ... : "No one is ever released from law. ... The law is not abolished, it is fulfilled in Love. ... No one ever transcends righteousness ... ." ...

Like the Anabaptists and the Quakers, he called his followers to stay away from oaths and war ... ."

p. 437 "the Introduction sounds as though it were taken from Fox's Journal or Barclay's Apology, though they were written a hundred years later ... ."


p. 438 "Nicholas, like George Fox, made much of quiet waiting in silence ... ."


p. 440 "John Rogers' book ... says ... that there are about 1000 of the Family of Love in England at that time (1579)."


p. 442 "Rogers ... charges Nicholas with gettting his ideas from David Joris (or David George, as it is sometimes written)."

p. 443 "J. Knewstub ... in 1579 ... charges that "H. N. turns religion upside-down. He buildeth heaven here upon earth ... .""


p. 444 "H. N. makes Christ no one man, but a state and condition in men, by the reception of which state and condition men grow into perfection and so sin no more. This state he calleth the true Light ... ."

p. 445 "Edmond Jessop ... charges that they teach ... that "the resurrection of the dead, spoken of by St. Paul in 1 Cor. 15, is fulfilled in them, and they deny all resurrection of the body after this life.""


p. 447 "John Evelyn ..., under the date of June 16, 1687 ... says that ... "... some of the Family of Love ... were a sort of refined Quakers ..., and those belonging chiefly to the Isle of Ely.""